DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 01, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Sustain (verb) جاری رکھنا، بڑھانا،سہارادینا

strengthen or support physically or mentally.
Example: “this thought had sustained him throughout the years”
Synonyms: comfort, help, assist, encourage, succor, support, give strength to
Antonyms: torment, plague


Autonomy (noun) خود مختاری، اختیار

freedom from external control or influence; independence.
Example: “the courts enjoy a considerable degree of autonomy”
Synonyms: self-government, independence, self-rule, home rule, sovereignty, self-determination
Antonyms: dependency, nonautonomy


Dubious (adjective) مشکوک، مشتبہ

hesitating or doubting.
Example: “I was rather dubious about the whole idea”
Synonyms: doubtful, uncertain, unsure, in doubt, hesitant, undecided, unsettled, unconfirmed
Antonyms: certain, definite


Jingoism (noun) جارحانہ وطن پرستی،شدید قوم پرست

extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy.
Example: “the popular jingoism that swept the lower–middle classes”
Synonyms: extreme patriotism, blind patriotism, chauvinism, extreme nationalism, flag-waving, xenophobia
Antonyms: disloyalty, internationalism, multiculturalism


Atrocious (adjective) ظالمانہ، سفاکانہ

horrifyingly wicked.
Example: “atrocious cruelties”
Synonyms: brutal, barbaric, barbarous, brutish, savage, vicious, wicked, cruel, nasty, ruthless
Antonyms: admirable, kindly


Indulge (verb) مطمئن کرنا، مزے اڑانا،بخشنا

allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of.
Example: “we indulged in a cream tea”
Synonyms: wallow in, give oneself up to, give way to, yield to, abandon oneself to, give rein to
Antonyms: stifle


Brute (noun) حیوانی، بے رحم

a savagely violent person or animal.
Example: “he was a cold-blooded brute”
Synonyms: savage, beast, monster, animal, sadist, barbarian, devil, demon, fiend, ogre
Antonyms: atrocious, barbaric, barbarous


Abet (verb) غلط کام کے لئے مدد کرنا، اکسانا

encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, in particular to commit a crime.
Example: “he was not guilty of murder but was guilty of aiding and abetting others”
Synonyms: assist, aid, help, lend a hand, support, back, encourage, cooperate with
Antonyms: hinder


Lamentable (adjective) بدقسمتی، افسوسناک

(of circumstances or conditions) very bad; deplorable.
Example: “the industry is in a lamentable state”
Synonyms: deplorable, regrettable, tragic, terrible, awful, wretched, woeful, sorrowful
Antonyms: august, beneficent, commanding, dignified


Delinquent (adjective) غیر ذمہ دار، طفل خطا کار

(typically of a young person) tending to commit crime, particularly minor crime.
Example: “delinquent teenagers”
Synonyms: lawless, lawbreaking, criminal, offending, errant, badly behaved, troublesome
Antonyms: well behaved, conformist

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