DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 07, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Sheepish (adjective) شرمانا، شرمیلا سا

showing or feeling embarrassment from shame or a lack of self-confidence.
Example: “a sheepish grin”
Synonyms: embarrassed, uncomfortable, hangdog, self-conscious, shamefaced, ashamed, abashed, mortified
Antonyms: unabashed

Reluctance (noun) ہچکچاہٹ، بے دلی

unwillingness or disinclination to do something.
Example: “she sensed his reluctance to continue”
Synonyms: unwillingness, disinclination, lack of enthusiasm, hesitation, hesitance, hesitancy
Antonyms: willingness, eagerness

Negation (noun) انکاری، نفی

the contradiction or denial of something.
Example: “there should be confirmation—or negation—of the findings”
Synonyms: denial, contradiction, repudiation, disproving, refutation, refuting, rebuttal, countering
Antonyms: confirmation, affirmation, substantiation

Persuasive (adjective) راغب کرنے والا، قائل کرنے والا

good at persuading someone to do or believe something through reasoning or the use of temptation.
Example: “an informative and persuasive speech”
Synonyms: convincing, effective, cogent, compelling, potent, forceful, eloquent, impressive
Antonyms: unconvincing, weak

Irreparable (adjective) ناقابل علاج، ناقابل اصلاح، ناقابل مرمت

(of an injury or loss) impossible to rectify or repair.
Example: “they were doing irreparable damage to my heart and lungs”
Synonyms: irreversible, irremediable, unrectifiable, irrevocable, irretrievable, irredeemable, unrestorable
Antonyms: repairable

Staunch (adjective) پکا، کٹر، ٹھوس، پرعزم

very loyal and committed in attitude.
Example: “a staunch supporter of the anti-nuclear lobby”
Synonyms: stalwart, loyal, faithful, trusty, committed, devoted, dedicated, dependable
Antonyms: disloyal, unfaithful, unreliable

Jubilation (noun) خوشی کا احساس، جشن، چہل پہل

a feeling of great happiness and triumph.
Example: “unbelievable scenes of jubilation”
Synonyms: exultation, triumph, joy, joyousness, rejoicing, elation, euphoria, ecstasy
Antonyms: despondency

Enactment (noun) قانون کا اجرا

the process of passing legislation.
Example: “the enactment of equal pay legislation”
Synonyms: passing, making law, ratification, ratifying, validation, validating, sanction, sanctioning
Antonyms: repeal

Obligatory (adjective) لازمی، ضروری، فرض

required by a legal, moral, or another rule; compulsory.
Example: “use of seat belts in cars is now obligatory”
Synonyms: compulsory, mandatory, prescribed, required, demanded, statutory, enforced
Antonyms: voluntary, optional

Denouement (noun) انجام داستان،حل قضیہ

the final part of a play, film, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are explained or resolved.
Example: “the film’s denouement was unsatisfying and ambiguous”
Synonyms: finale, final scene, the final act, last act, epilogue, coda, end, ending, finish, close
Antonyms: beginning

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