DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 02, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Shoddy (adjective) گمراہ کن، نقلی، مصنوعی، بناوٹی

badly made or done.
Example: “we’re not paying good money for shoddy goods”
Synonyms: poor-quality, inferior, second-rate, third-rate, low-grade, cheap, cheapjack, tawdry, trashy
Antonyms: well made, careful


Mausoleum (noun) مقبرہ، قبر کا گنبد

a stately or impressive building housing a tomb or group of tombs.
Example: “the cathedral was built in 1517 as a royal mausoleum”
Synonyms: tomb, sepulchre, crypt, vault, charnel house, burial chamber, catacomb, undercroft
Antonyms: attic


Carving (noun) سنگ تراشی، نقش و نگار،مجسمہ سازی

an object or design carved from a hard material as an artistic work.
Example: “a carving of an Asian elephant”
Synonyms: sculpture, model, statue, statuette, figure, figurine, effigy, bust, head
Antonyms: erase


Appalling (adjective) خوفزدہ ہونا، دھچکا لگانا

causing shock or dismay; horrific.
Example: “the cat suffered appalling injuries during the attack”
Synonyms: shocking, horrific, horrifying, horrible, terrible, awful, dreadful, ghastly, hideous
Antonyms: admirable, excellent


Evidently (adverb) سیدھی طرح، واضح طور پر، صاف صاف

in a way that is clearly seen or understood; obviously.
Example: “a work so evidently laden with significance”
Synonyms: obviously, clearly, plainly, perceptibly, visibly, discernibly, transparently, manifestly
Antonyms: cheer, adorned, pretentious, fancy


Crumble (verb) چورا چورا ہو جانا،توڑنا

break or fall apart into small fragments, especially as part of a process of deterioration.
Example: “the plaster started to crumble”
Synonyms: disintegrate, fall down, fall to pieces, fall apart, collapse, break down/up, tumble down
Antonyms: consolidate, conglutinate, bond, amalgamate


Pertain (verb) متعلق ہونا، سے متعلق

be appropriate, related, or applicable to.
Example: “matters pertaining to the organization of government”
Synonyms: concern, relate to, be related to, be connected with, be relevant to, have relevance to, apply to
Antonyms: belong to, relate to, appertain to, regard


Dubious (adjective) مشکوک، مشتبہ

hesitating or doubting.
Example: “I was rather dubious about the whole idea”
Synonyms: doubtful, uncertain, unsure, in doubt, hesitant, undecided, unsettled, unconfirmed
Antonyms: certain, definite


Inoculate (verb) ٹیکہ لگانا، انسانی جسم میں وائرس ڈالنا

treat with a vaccine to produce immunity against a disease; vaccinate.
Example: “he inoculated his tenants against smallpox”
Synonyms: immunize, vaccinate, inject, protect from, shield from, safeguard from
Antonyms: disabuse, unteach, prune, divest


Ambitious (adjective) بلند حوصلہ، حوصلہ مندانہ، امنگ

having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed.
Example: “a ruthlessly ambitious workaholic”
Synonyms: aspiring, determined, forceful, pushy, enterprising, pioneering, progressive, eager
Antonyms: unambitious, lazy

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