Dawn News Vocabulary

Every aspirant knows the importance of English and vocabulary. In order to facilitate the aspirants, we’ve started an English vocabulary replacement trend of posting Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning on our website. The vocabulary will include the words from dawn newspaper alongside tailwindcss their meanings which can save tons of your time of the aspirants.

FIA Test Preparation Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (30, June 2021)

Nascent (adjective) ابھرا ہوا، نومولود

(especially of a process or organization) just coming into existence and beginning to display signs of future potential.
Example: “the nascent space industry”
Synonyms: just beginning, budding, developing, growing, embryonic, incipient, young, in its infancy
Antonyms: mature, aged, confirmed, developed

Befit (verb) زیب دینا، موزوں ہونا، مناسب ہونا

be appropriate for; suit.
Example: “as befits a Quaker, he was a humane man”
Synonyms: in keeping with, as befits, fitting, appropriate to, fit for, suitable for, suited to
Antonyms: out of keeping with

Contemporary (adjective) ہم عمر، آج کے دور کا، معاصر

living or occurring at the same time.
Example: “the event was recorded by a contemporary historian”
Synonyms: modern, present-day, present, current, present-time, immediate, extant, up to date
Antonyms: old-fashioned, out of date

Dearth (noun) کمی، گرانی، چھوٹی مقدار

a scarcity or lack of something.
Example: “there is a dearth of evidence”
Synonyms: lack, scarcity, scarceness, shortage, shortfall, want, deficiency, insufficiency, the inadequacy
Antonyms: abundance, surfeit

Rhetoric (noun) شوکت الفاظ، لسانی، علم بیان

the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.
Example: “he is using a common figure of rhetoric, hyperbole”
Synonyms: oratory, eloquence, power of speech, command of language, expression, way with words
Antonyms: quiet, conciseness

Embezzlement (noun) غبن، خیانت

theft or misappropriation of funds placed in one’s trust or belonging to one’s employer.
Example: “charges of fraud and embezzlement”
Synonyms: misappropriation, theft, stealing, robbing, robbery, thieving, pilfering, pilferage
Antonyms: give, receive, compensate, pay

Blistering (adjective) آہلہ انگیز، چھالا

(of heat) intense.
Example: “the blistering heat of the desert”
Synonyms: intense, extreme, ferocious, fierce, acute, strong, very great, scorching
Antonyms: icy

Impropriety (noun) نامعقولیت، بے جا حرکت

failure to observe standards of honesty or modesty; improper behaviour or character.
Example: “she was scandalized at the impropriety of the question”
Synonyms: wrongdoing, misconduct, dishonesty, corruption, unscrupulousness, illegitimacy
Antonyms: propriety

Accusation (noun) الزام دہی، قصور وار ٹھہرانا، جرم کا الزام لگانا

a charge or claim that someone has done something illegal or wrong.
Example: “accusations of bribery”
Synonyms: allegation, charge, claim, assertion, asseveration, attribution, incrimination
Antonyms: approval, commendation, praise, compliment

Acrimony (noun) تلخ مزاجی، بداخلاقی، کھردرا پن

bitterness or ill feeling.
Example: “the AGM dissolved into acrimony”
Synonyms: bitterness, rancour, resentment, ill feeling, ill will, bad blood, animosity
Antonyms: goodwill

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (29 June 2021)

Vacillate (verb) غیر مستقل، ڈھلنا، لڑکھڑانا

waver between different opinions or actions; be indecisive.
Example: “I vacillated between teaching and journalism”
Synonyms: dither, be indecisive, be irresolute, be undecided, be uncertain, be unsure, be doubtful
Antonyms: resolute

Perplex (verb) پیچیدہ بنانا، الجھانا

make (someone) feel completely baffled.
Example: “she was perplexed by her husband’s moodiness”
Synonyms: puzzle, baffle, mystify, bemuse, bewilder, confound, confuse, nonplus, disconcert
Antonyms: abbreviate, cut, shorten

Reciprocate (verb) بات برابر کرنا، بدلہ دینا، جواب دینا

respond to (a gesture or action) by making a corresponding one.
Example: “the favour was reciprocated”
Synonyms: do the same (in return), respond in kind, return the favour, give as good as one gets, give tit for tat
Antonyms: ask, disagree, keep, question

Erode (verb) کاٹ دینا، ختم کر دینا، کم ہونا

(of wind, water, or other natural agents) gradually wear away (soil, rock, or land).
Example: “the cliffs on this coast have been eroded by the sea”
Synonyms: wear away/down, abrade, scrape away, grind down, crumble, dissolve, weather
Antonyms: build, ignore, neglect, preserve

Flak (noun) سخت تنقید، اشتہاری ایجنٹ

strong criticism.
Example: “you must be strong enough to take the flak if things go wrong”
Synonyms: criticism, censure, disapproval, disapprobation, hostility, complaints, castigation, condemnation
Antonyms: approval, commendation, compliment, endorsement

Depreciate (verb) فرسودگی، گھٹنا، استعمال ہونے کی وجہ سے قدروقیمت کم ہونا

diminish in value over a period of time.
Example: “the latest cars will depreciate heavily in the first year”
Synonyms: decrease in value, lose value, decline in price, drop in price, fall in price, cheapen, devalue
Antonyms: appreciate

Diminish (verb) کم ہونا، گھٹانا، کم کرنا

make or become less.
Example: “the new law is expected to diminish the government’s chances”
Synonyms: decrease, decline, reduce, lessen, shrink, contract, grow smaller, fall off, drop off
Antonyms: increase, flare up, get worse

Alleviate (verb) شدت کم کرنا، درد کم کرنا، آرام دینا

make (suffering, deficiency, or a problem) less severe.
Example: “he couldn’t prevent her pain, only alleviate it”
Synonyms: reduce, ease, relieve, take the edge off, deaden, dull, diminish, lessen, weaken
Antonyms: aggravate

Compulsion (noun) مجبوری کے تحت، دباﺅ

the action or state of forcing or being forced to do something; constraint.
Example: “the payment was made under compulsion”
Synonyms: obligation, constraint, force, coercion, duress, pressure, pressurization
Antonyms: discretion, spontaneity, volition, election

Necessitate (verb) ضرورت ہونا، لازمی کرنا، ضرورت بنانا

make (something) necessary as a result or consequence.
Example: “a cut which necessitated eighteen stitches”
Synonyms: make necessary, entail, involve, mean, require, demand, call for, be grounds for
Antonyms: give, offer, delay, dissuade, refuse, reply

DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 07, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Sheepish (adjective) شرمانا، شرمیلا سا

showing or feeling embarrassment from shame or a lack of self-confidence.
Example: “a sheepish grin”
Synonyms: embarrassed, uncomfortable, hangdog, self-conscious, shamefaced, ashamed, abashed, mortified
Antonyms: unabashed

Reluctance (noun) ہچکچاہٹ، بے دلی

unwillingness or disinclination to do something.
Example: “she sensed his reluctance to continue”
Synonyms: unwillingness, disinclination, lack of enthusiasm, hesitation, hesitance, hesitancy
Antonyms: willingness, eagerness

Negation (noun) انکاری، نفی

the contradiction or denial of something.
Example: “there should be confirmation—or negation—of the findings”
Synonyms: denial, contradiction, repudiation, disproving, refutation, refuting, rebuttal, countering
Antonyms: confirmation, affirmation, substantiation

Persuasive (adjective) راغب کرنے والا، قائل کرنے والا

good at persuading someone to do or believe something through reasoning or the use of temptation.
Example: “an informative and persuasive speech”
Synonyms: convincing, effective, cogent, compelling, potent, forceful, eloquent, impressive
Antonyms: unconvincing, weak

Irreparable (adjective) ناقابل علاج، ناقابل اصلاح، ناقابل مرمت

(of an injury or loss) impossible to rectify or repair.
Example: “they were doing irreparable damage to my heart and lungs”
Synonyms: irreversible, irremediable, unrectifiable, irrevocable, irretrievable, irredeemable, unrestorable
Antonyms: repairable

Staunch (adjective) پکا، کٹر، ٹھوس، پرعزم

very loyal and committed in attitude.
Example: “a staunch supporter of the anti-nuclear lobby”
Synonyms: stalwart, loyal, faithful, trusty, committed, devoted, dedicated, dependable
Antonyms: disloyal, unfaithful, unreliable

Jubilation (noun) خوشی کا احساس، جشن، چہل پہل

a feeling of great happiness and triumph.
Example: “unbelievable scenes of jubilation”
Synonyms: exultation, triumph, joy, joyousness, rejoicing, elation, euphoria, ecstasy
Antonyms: despondency

Enactment (noun) قانون کا اجرا

the process of passing legislation.
Example: “the enactment of equal pay legislation”
Synonyms: passing, making law, ratification, ratifying, validation, validating, sanction, sanctioning
Antonyms: repeal

Obligatory (adjective) لازمی، ضروری، فرض

required by a legal, moral, or another rule; compulsory.
Example: “use of seat belts in cars is now obligatory”
Synonyms: compulsory, mandatory, prescribed, required, demanded, statutory, enforced
Antonyms: voluntary, optional

Denouement (noun) انجام داستان،حل قضیہ

the final part of a play, film, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are explained or resolved.
Example: “the film’s denouement was unsatisfying and ambiguous”
Synonyms: finale, final scene, the final act, last act, epilogue, coda, end, ending, finish, close
Antonyms: beginning

DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 06, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Ancient (adjective) قدیم، بڑا آدمی، بوڑھا آدمی

belonging to the very distant past and no longer in existence.
Example: “the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean”
Synonyms: of long ago, earliest, first, early, past, former, bygone, prehistoric, primaeval
Antonyms: recent, contemporary

Camaraderie (noun) رفاقت، دوستی، دوستانہ

mutual trust and friendship among people who spend a lot of time together.
Example: “the enforced camaraderie of office life”
Synonyms: friendship, comradeship, fellowship, good fellowship, companionship, brotherliness, brotherhood
Antonyms: unsociability, extraversion, unsociable, sociable

Transgression (noun) خلاف ورزی، حکم عدولی، قانون توڑنا

an act that goes against a law, rule, or code of conduct; an offence.
Example: “I’ll be keeping an eye out for further transgressions”
Synonyms: offence, crime, sin, wrong, wrongdoing, misdemeanour, felony, misdeed, lawbreaking
Antonyms: obedience

Catastrophic (adjective) تباہ کن، تباہ کن، قیامت خیز

involving or causing sudden great damage or suffering.
Example: “a catastrophic earthquake”
Synonyms: disastrous, calamitous, cataclysmic, ruinous, tragic, fatal, dire, awful
Antonyms: fortunate, beneficial

Volatile (adjective) کافور صفت، بدلتے مزاج والا

(of a substance) easily evaporated at normal temperatures.
Example: “volatile solvents such as petroleum ether, hexane, and benzene”
Synonyms: evaporative, vaporous, vapour scent, explosive, eruptive, inflammable, unstable
Antonyms: stable, calm

Immensely (adverb) لامحدود پر ، دیوہیکل، نہایت

to a great extent; extremely.
Example: This ice roller is immensely popular on the internet, and for good reason
Synonyms: extremely, very, exceedingly, exceptionally, especially, extraordinarily, tremendously
Antonyms: slightly, by no means

Sombre (adjective) اداسی، افسردہ

dark or dull in colour or tone.
Example: “the night skies were sombre and starless”
Synonyms: dark, dark-coloured, dull, dull-coloured, drab, dingy, shady, restrained, subdued
Antonyms: bright

Hazardous (adjective) خطرناک، پرخطر

risky; dangerous.
Example: “we work in hazardous conditions”
Synonyms: dangerous, risky, unsafe, perilous, precarious, insecure, tricky, unpredictable, uncertain
Antonyms: safe, secure, certain

Prevalent (adjective) زور آور، طاقت ور، غالب

widespread in a particular area or at a particular time.
Example: “the social ills prevalent in society today”
Synonyms: widespread, prevailing, frequent, usual, common, general, universal, pervasive
Antonyms: uncommon, rare

Eventuality (noun) ممکنہ نتیجہ، احتمال، امکان

a possible event or outcome.
Example: “be prepared for all eventualities”
Synonyms: event, incident, occurrence, happening, development, phenomenon, thing
Antonyms: beginning, cause, commencement, origin

DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 05, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Beleaguer (verb) محاصرہ کرنا، قبضہ کرنا، تنگ کرنا، چھیڑنا

cause problems or difficulties for.
Example: “he attempts to answer several questions that beleaguer the industry”
Synonyms: hard-pressed, troubled, in difficulties, under pressure, under stress, with one’s back to the wall
Antonyms: achromatic, brighten, consume, praise

Dwell (verb) بسنا، رہنا، رہائش ہونا

live in or at a specified place.
Example: “groups of people still dwell in these caves”
Synonyms: reside, live, have one’s home, have one’s residence, be settled, be housed, lodge, stay
Antonyms: move, travel, hasten, speed

Bestial (adjective) حیوانی، ناپاک،وحشت ناک

of or like an animal or animals.
Example: “Darwin’s revelations about our bestial beginnings”
Synonyms: animal, beastlike, animalistic, zoic, theriomorphic, theroid
Antonyms: civilized, humane

Depredation (noun) لوٹ مار، تباہی، بربادی

an act of attacking or plundering.
Example: “protecting grain from the depredations of rats and mice”
Synonyms: plundering, plunder, looting, pillaging, robbing, robbery, raiding, ravaging
Antonyms: boon, construction, goodness, miracle

Barricade (verb) مورچہ، ناکہ لگانا

block or defend with a barricade.
Example: “they barricaded the building and occupied it all night”
Synonyms: blockade, obstruct, close up, bar, block off, shut off/in, fence in, seal up
Antonyms: admittance, entrance, opening

Eviscerate (verb) کسی شے کو خالی کرنا، کاٹ کر الگ کرنا

disembowel (a person or animal).
Example: “the goat had been skinned and neatly eviscerated”
Synonyms: disembowel, gut, remove the innards from, draw, dress, embowel, disbowel, exenterate

Virulent (adjective) زہریلا

(of a disease or poison) extremely severe or harmful in its effects.
Example: “a virulent strain of influenza”
Synonyms: poisonous, toxic, venomous, noxious, deadly, lethal, fatal, mortal, terminal
Antonyms: non-toxic, harmless, safe, non-contagious

Parley (noun) معاملات طے کرنا، سوال جواب کرنا، شرط

a conference between opposing sides in a dispute, especially a discussion of terms for an armistice.
Example: “a parley is in progress and the invaders may withdraw”
Synonyms: negotiation, talk(s), meeting, conference, summit, discussion, dialogue, conclave
Antonyms: quiet, silence

Dichotomy (noun) دو نوعیتی، دو فرعی تقسیم

a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different.
Example: “a rigid dichotomy between science and mysticism”
Synonyms: division, separation, divorce, split, gulf, chasm, difference, contrast, disjunction
Antonyms: agreement, harmony, likeness, sameness

Treacherous (adjective) ناقابل اعتبار، دغا، بے وفائی

guilty of or involving betrayal or deception.
Example: “a treacherous Gestapo agent”
Synonyms: traitorous, disloyal, perfidious, faithless, unfaithful, duplicitous, false-hearted, deceitful
Antonyms: loyal, faithful

DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 03, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Debacle (noun) شرمناک ناکامی، ذلت آمیز ناکامی، اچانک حادثہ

a sudden and ignominious failure; a fiasco.
Example: “the only man to reach double figures in the second-innings debacle”
Synonyms: fiasco, failure, catastrophe, disaster, disintegration, mess, wreck, ruin, downfall
Antonyms: accomplishment, attainment, blessing

Stash (verb) تجوری، گنجینہ،قیمتوں چیزوں کا ذخیرہ

store (something) safely in a hidden or secret place.
Example: “their wealth had been stashed away in Swiss banks”
Synonyms: store, stow, pack, load, cache, garner, hide, conceal, secrete, hoard, put aside
Antonyms: software, nonvolatile, storage

Shoddy (Adjective) بھدا، نقلی، مصنوعی، بناوٹی

badly made or done.
Example: “we’re not paying good money for shoddy goods”
Synonyms: poor-quality, inferior, second-rate, third-rate, low-grade, cheap, cheapjack, tawdry
Antonyms: well made, careful

Aggrieved (Adjective) غمزدہ، رنجیدہ،ستم رسیدہ شخص

feeling resentment at having been unfairly treated.
Example: “they were aggrieved at the outcome”
Synonyms: resentful, affronted, indignant, disgruntled, discontented, angry, distressed, unhappy
Antonyms: pleased

Malaise (noun) گھبراہٹ، بے قراری، بے چینی

a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease whose exact cause is difficult to identify.
Example: “a general air of malaise”
Synonyms: unhappiness, restlessness, uneasiness, unease, melancholy, depression, despondency
Antonyms: comfort, well-being

Sanctity (noun) تقدس، حرمت ، پاکی

the state or quality of being holy, sacred, or saintly.
Example: “the site of the tomb was a place of sanctity for the ancient Egyptians”
Synonyms: holiness, godliness, sacredness, blessedness, saintliness, sanctitude, spirituality
Antonyms: wickedness

Inadequacy (noun) کوتاہی، عدم، کمی

the state or quality of being inadequate; lack of the quantity or quality required.
Example: “the inadequacy of available resources”
Synonyms: insufficiency, deficiency, scantness, scarcity, scarceness, sparseness, dearth
Antonyms: abundance, surplus, competence, strong point

Mortality (noun) فانی ہونے کی حالت، موت، شرح اموات

the state of being subject to death.
Example: “the work is increasingly haunted by thoughts of mortality”
Synonyms: impermanence, temporality, transience, ephemerality, impermanency, perishability
Antonyms: immortality

Tenacious (Adjective) اچھی یاداشت والا، استوار

tending to keep a firm hold of something; clinging or adhering closely.
Example: “a tenacious grip”
Synonyms: firm, tight, fast, clinging, strong, forceful, powerful, unshakeable, immovable
Antonyms: loose, weak

Exacerbate (verb) خفا کرنا، مرض میں شدت پیدا کرنا

make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Example: “the exorbitant cost of land in urban areas only exacerbated the problem”
Synonyms: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inflame, compound, intensify, increase, heighten
Antonyms: calm, reduce

DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 02, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Shoddy (adjective) گمراہ کن، نقلی، مصنوعی، بناوٹی

badly made or done.
Example: “we’re not paying good money for shoddy goods”
Synonyms: poor-quality, inferior, second-rate, third-rate, low-grade, cheap, cheapjack, tawdry, trashy
Antonyms: well made, careful

Mausoleum (noun) مقبرہ، قبر کا گنبد

a stately or impressive building housing a tomb or group of tombs.
Example: “the cathedral was built in 1517 as a royal mausoleum”
Synonyms: tomb, sepulchre, crypt, vault, charnel house, burial chamber, catacomb, undercroft
Antonyms: attic

Carving (noun) سنگ تراشی، نقش و نگار،مجسمہ سازی

an object or design carved from a hard material as an artistic work.
Example: “a carving of an Asian elephant”
Synonyms: sculpture, model, statue, statuette, figure, figurine, effigy, bust, head
Antonyms: erase

Appalling (adjective) خوفزدہ ہونا، دھچکا لگانا

causing shock or dismay; horrific.
Example: “the cat suffered appalling injuries during the attack”
Synonyms: shocking, horrific, horrifying, horrible, terrible, awful, dreadful, ghastly, hideous
Antonyms: admirable, excellent

Evidently (adverb) سیدھی طرح، واضح طور پر، صاف صاف

in a way that is clearly seen or understood; obviously.
Example: “a work so evidently laden with significance”
Synonyms: obviously, clearly, plainly, perceptibly, visibly, discernibly, transparently, manifestly
Antonyms: cheer, adorned, pretentious, fancy

Crumble (verb) چورا چورا ہو جانا،توڑنا

break or fall apart into small fragments, especially as part of a process of deterioration.
Example: “the plaster started to crumble”
Synonyms: disintegrate, fall down, fall to pieces, fall apart, collapse, break down/up, tumble down
Antonyms: consolidate, conglutinate, bond, amalgamate

Pertain (verb) متعلق ہونا، سے متعلق

be appropriate, related, or applicable to.
Example: “matters pertaining to the organization of government”
Synonyms: concern, relate to, be related to, be connected with, be relevant to, have relevance to, apply to
Antonyms: belong to, relate to, appertain to, regard

Dubious (adjective) مشکوک، مشتبہ

hesitating or doubting.
Example: “I was rather dubious about the whole idea”
Synonyms: doubtful, uncertain, unsure, in doubt, hesitant, undecided, unsettled, unconfirmed
Antonyms: certain, definite

Inoculate (verb) ٹیکہ لگانا، انسانی جسم میں وائرس ڈالنا

treat with a vaccine to produce immunity against a disease; vaccinate.
Example: “he inoculated his tenants against smallpox”
Synonyms: immunize, vaccinate, inject, protect from, shield from, safeguard from
Antonyms: disabuse, unteach, prune, divest

Ambitious (adjective) بلند حوصلہ، حوصلہ مندانہ، امنگ

having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed.
Example: “a ruthlessly ambitious workaholic”
Synonyms: aspiring, determined, forceful, pushy, enterprising, pioneering, progressive, eager
Antonyms: unambitious, lazy

DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 01, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Sustain (verb) جاری رکھنا، بڑھانا،سہارادینا

strengthen or support physically or mentally.
Example: “this thought had sustained him throughout the years”
Synonyms: comfort, help, assist, encourage, succor, support, give strength to
Antonyms: torment, plague

Autonomy (noun) خود مختاری، اختیار

freedom from external control or influence; independence.
Example: “the courts enjoy a considerable degree of autonomy”
Synonyms: self-government, independence, self-rule, home rule, sovereignty, self-determination
Antonyms: dependency, nonautonomy

Dubious (adjective) مشکوک، مشتبہ

hesitating or doubting.
Example: “I was rather dubious about the whole idea”
Synonyms: doubtful, uncertain, unsure, in doubt, hesitant, undecided, unsettled, unconfirmed
Antonyms: certain, definite

Jingoism (noun) جارحانہ وطن پرستی،شدید قوم پرست

extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy.
Example: “the popular jingoism that swept the lower–middle classes”
Synonyms: extreme patriotism, blind patriotism, chauvinism, extreme nationalism, flag-waving, xenophobia
Antonyms: disloyalty, internationalism, multiculturalism

Atrocious (adjective) ظالمانہ، سفاکانہ

horrifyingly wicked.
Example: “atrocious cruelties”
Synonyms: brutal, barbaric, barbarous, brutish, savage, vicious, wicked, cruel, nasty, ruthless
Antonyms: admirable, kindly

Indulge (verb) مطمئن کرنا، مزے اڑانا،بخشنا

allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of.
Example: “we indulged in a cream tea”
Synonyms: wallow in, give oneself up to, give way to, yield to, abandon oneself to, give rein to
Antonyms: stifle

Brute (noun) حیوانی، بے رحم

a savagely violent person or animal.
Example: “he was a cold-blooded brute”
Synonyms: savage, beast, monster, animal, sadist, barbarian, devil, demon, fiend, ogre
Antonyms: atrocious, barbaric, barbarous

Abet (verb) غلط کام کے لئے مدد کرنا، اکسانا

encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, in particular to commit a crime.
Example: “he was not guilty of murder but was guilty of aiding and abetting others”
Synonyms: assist, aid, help, lend a hand, support, back, encourage, cooperate with
Antonyms: hinder

Lamentable (adjective) بدقسمتی، افسوسناک

(of circumstances or conditions) very bad; deplorable.
Example: “the industry is in a lamentable state”
Synonyms: deplorable, regrettable, tragic, terrible, awful, wretched, woeful, sorrowful
Antonyms: august, beneficent, commanding, dignified

Delinquent (adjective) غیر ذمہ دار، طفل خطا کار

(typically of a young person) tending to commit crime, particularly minor crime.
Example: “delinquent teenagers”
Synonyms: lawless, lawbreaking, criminal, offending, errant, badly behaved, troublesome
Antonyms: well behaved, conformist

Daily Top-10 Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning / News (January 31, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Ignominious (adjective) شرمناک ، ذلت آمیز، باعث رسوائی
deserving or causing public disgrace or shame.
Example: “no other party risked ignominious defeat”
Synonyms: humiliating, undignified, embarrassing, mortifying, shameful, disgraceful, dishonorable
Antonyms: glorious

Disembark (verb) ساحل پر اترنا
leave a ship, aircraft, or train.
Example: “the passengers began to disembark”
Synonyms: get off, step off, leave, go ashore, debark, detrain, land, arrive, alight from
Antonyms: embark

Nepotism (noun) اقرباپروری، اپنوں کو نوازنے کا عمل
the practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs.
Example: “he promised an end to corruption and nepotism”
Synonyms: favoritism, preferential treatment, keeping it in the family, the old boy network
Antonyms: impartiality

Mediocrity (noun) اوسط درجے کی صلاحیت
the quality or state of being mediocre.
Example: “the team suddenly came well after years of mediocrity”
Synonyms: ordinariness, commonplaceness, lack of inspiration, passableness, adequacy, indifference
Antonyms: excellence

Fraudulent (adjective) فریبی، مکار
obtained, done by, or involving deception, especially criminal deception.
Example: “fraudulent share dealing”
Synonyms: dishonest, cheating, swindling, corrupt, criminal, illegal, unlawful, illicit
Antonyms: honest, above-board

Catastrophe (noun) تباہی، بربادی، سانحہ آفت
an event causing great and usually sudden damage or suffering; a disaster.
Example: “an environmental catastrophe”
Synonyms: disaster, calamity, cataclysm, crisis, holocaust, ruin, ruination, tragedy
Antonyms: salvation, a godsend

Negligible (adjective) حقیر، معمولی سا
so small or unimportant on be not worth considering; insignificant.
Example: “he said that the risks were negligible”
Synonyms: trivial, trifling, insignificant, unimportant, minor, of no account, of no consequence
Antonyms: significant, considerable

Hefty (adjective) طاقتور، ہٹا کٹا، بھاری شخص
large and heavy.
Example: “a hefty young chap”
Synonyms: burly, heavy, sturdy, strapping, bulky, brawny, husky, strong, muscular
Antonyms: slight, gaunt, light

Dissipate (verb) بکھر جانا، منتشر ہو جانا،برباد کرنا
(with regard to a sense of emotion) disappear or cause to disappear.
Example: “the concern she’d felt for him had wholly dissipated”
Synonyms: disappear, vanish, evaporate, dissolve, melt away, melt into thin air
Antonyms: grow, develop

Peripheral (adjective) محیط، بیرونی
relating to or situated on the sting or periphery of something.
Example: “the peripheral areas of Europe”
Synonyms: outlying, outer, on the edge/outskirts, outermost, fringe, border, surrounding
Antonyms: central, vital

Daily Top-10 Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning / News (January 30, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Nascent (adjective) ابھرا ہوا، پیدا ہونے والا، شروعات
(especially of a process or organization) just coming into existence and beginning to display signs of future potential.
Example: “the nascent space industry”
Synonyms: just beginning, budding, developing, growing, embryonic, incipient, young, in its infancy
Antonyms: mature, aged, confirmed, developed, grown

Assuage (verb) تسلی دینا، کم کرنا، شدت کم کرنا
make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense.
Example: “the letter assuaged the fears of most members”
Synonyms: relieve, ease, alleviate, soothe, mitigate, dampen, allay, calm, palliate
Antonyms: aggravate

Speculation (noun) تکہ، قیاس آرائی، نمایاں منافع کی توقع میں
the forming of a theory or conjecture without firm evidence.
Example: “there has been widespread speculation that he plans to quit”
Synonyms: conjecture, theorizing, hypothesizing, supposition, guesswork, talk, theory, hypothesis
Antonyms: realization, proof, fact, verification, certainty

Imperil (verb) خطرے میں ڈالنا، خطرے سے دوچار کرنا
put at risk of being harmed, injured, or destroyed.
Example: “they advised against tax increases for fear of imperilling the recovery”
Synonyms: endanger, jeopardize, risk, put in danger, put in peril, expose to danger, put in jeopardy
Antonyms: safety, change, be well, agree, suffer

Vigilant (adjective) خبردار، چونکنا، محتاط
keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties.
Example: “the burglar was spotted by vigilant neighbours”
Synonyms: watchful, on the lookout, observant, sharp-eyed, keen-eyed, gimlet-eyed, eagle-eyed
Antonyms: negligent, inattentive

Prosperous (adjective) خوشحال، مالی طور پر مضبوط، کامیاب
successful in material terms; flourishing financially.
Example: “prosperous middle-class professionals”
Synonyms: thriving, doing well, prospering, buoyant, expanding, flourishing, successful, strong, vigorous
Antonyms: depressed, poor

Persecute (verb) اذیت دینا، ستانا، تکلیف دہی
subject (someone) to hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of their race or political or religious beliefs.
Example: “his followers were persecuted by the authorities”
Synonyms: oppress, abuse, victimize, ill-treat, mistreat, maltreat, discriminate against
Antonyms: aid, assist, delight, help

Tarnish (verb) میلا کچیلا کرنا، داغدار کرنا
lose or cause to lose lustre, especially as a result of exposure to air or moisture.
Example: “silver tarnishes too easily”
Synonyms: become discoloured, discolour, stain, rust, oxidize, corrode, deteriorate, become dull
Antonyms: brighten, polish

Admonish (verb) تنبیہہ کرنا، ڈانٹنا، سمجھانا، ہدایت کرنا
warn or reprimand someone firmly.
Example: “she admonished me for appearing at breakfast unshaven”
Synonyms: reprimand, rebuke, scold, reprove, upbraid, chastise, chide, censure, castigate
Antonyms: praise, discourage

Calamitous (adjective) تباہ کن، آفت زدہ،مصیبت
involving calamity; catastrophic or disastrous.
Example: “such calamitous events as fires, hurricanes, and floods”
Synonyms: disastrous, catastrophic, cataclysmic, devastating, dire, tragic, fatal, ruinous
Antonyms: good, advantageous

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