Dawn News Vocabulary

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DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 07, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Sheepish (adjective) شرمانا، شرمیلا سا

showing or feeling embarrassment from shame or a lack of self-confidence.
Example: “a sheepish grin”
Synonyms: embarrassed, uncomfortable, hangdog, self-conscious, shamefaced, ashamed, abashed, mortified
Antonyms: unabashed

Reluctance (noun) ہچکچاہٹ، بے دلی

unwillingness or disinclination to do something.
Example: “she sensed his reluctance to continue”
Synonyms: unwillingness, disinclination, lack of enthusiasm, hesitation, hesitance, hesitancy
Antonyms: willingness, eagerness

Negation (noun) انکاری، نفی

the contradiction or denial of something.
Example: “there should be confirmation—or negation—of the findings”
Synonyms: denial, contradiction, repudiation, disproving, refutation, refuting, rebuttal, countering
Antonyms: confirmation, affirmation, substantiation

Persuasive (adjective) راغب کرنے والا، قائل کرنے والا

good at persuading someone to do or believe something through reasoning or the use of temptation.
Example: “an informative and persuasive speech”
Synonyms: convincing, effective, cogent, compelling, potent, forceful, eloquent, impressive
Antonyms: unconvincing, weak

Irreparable (adjective) ناقابل علاج، ناقابل اصلاح، ناقابل مرمت

(of an injury or loss) impossible to rectify or repair.
Example: “they were doing irreparable damage to my heart and lungs”
Synonyms: irreversible, irremediable, unrectifiable, irrevocable, irretrievable, irredeemable, unrestorable
Antonyms: repairable

Staunch (adjective) پکا، کٹر، ٹھوس، پرعزم

very loyal and committed in attitude.
Example: “a staunch supporter of the anti-nuclear lobby”
Synonyms: stalwart, loyal, faithful, trusty, committed, devoted, dedicated, dependable
Antonyms: disloyal, unfaithful, unreliable

Jubilation (noun) خوشی کا احساس، جشن، چہل پہل

a feeling of great happiness and triumph.
Example: “unbelievable scenes of jubilation”
Synonyms: exultation, triumph, joy, joyousness, rejoicing, elation, euphoria, ecstasy
Antonyms: despondency

Enactment (noun) قانون کا اجرا

the process of passing legislation.
Example: “the enactment of equal pay legislation”
Synonyms: passing, making law, ratification, ratifying, validation, validating, sanction, sanctioning
Antonyms: repeal

Obligatory (adjective) لازمی، ضروری، فرض

required by a legal, moral, or another rule; compulsory.
Example: “use of seat belts in cars is now obligatory”
Synonyms: compulsory, mandatory, prescribed, required, demanded, statutory, enforced
Antonyms: voluntary, optional

Denouement (noun) انجام داستان،حل قضیہ

the final part of a play, film, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are explained or resolved.
Example: “the film’s denouement was unsatisfying and ambiguous”
Synonyms: finale, final scene, the final act, last act, epilogue, coda, end, ending, finish, close
Antonyms: beginning

DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 06, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Ancient (adjective) قدیم، بڑا آدمی، بوڑھا آدمی

belonging to the very distant past and no longer in existence.
Example: “the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean”
Synonyms: of long ago, earliest, first, early, past, former, bygone, prehistoric, primaeval
Antonyms: recent, contemporary

Camaraderie (noun) رفاقت، دوستی، دوستانہ

mutual trust and friendship among people who spend a lot of time together.
Example: “the enforced camaraderie of office life”
Synonyms: friendship, comradeship, fellowship, good fellowship, companionship, brotherliness, brotherhood
Antonyms: unsociability, extraversion, unsociable, sociable

Transgression (noun) خلاف ورزی، حکم عدولی، قانون توڑنا

an act that goes against a law, rule, or code of conduct; an offence.
Example: “I’ll be keeping an eye out for further transgressions”
Synonyms: offence, crime, sin, wrong, wrongdoing, misdemeanour, felony, misdeed, lawbreaking
Antonyms: obedience

Catastrophic (adjective) تباہ کن، تباہ کن، قیامت خیز

involving or causing sudden great damage or suffering.
Example: “a catastrophic earthquake”
Synonyms: disastrous, calamitous, cataclysmic, ruinous, tragic, fatal, dire, awful
Antonyms: fortunate, beneficial

Volatile (adjective) کافور صفت، بدلتے مزاج والا

(of a substance) easily evaporated at normal temperatures.
Example: “volatile solvents such as petroleum ether, hexane, and benzene”
Synonyms: evaporative, vaporous, vapour scent, explosive, eruptive, inflammable, unstable
Antonyms: stable, calm

Immensely (adverb) لامحدود پر ، دیوہیکل، نہایت

to a great extent; extremely.
Example: This ice roller is immensely popular on the internet, and for good reason
Synonyms: extremely, very, exceedingly, exceptionally, especially, extraordinarily, tremendously
Antonyms: slightly, by no means

Sombre (adjective) اداسی، افسردہ

dark or dull in colour or tone.
Example: “the night skies were sombre and starless”
Synonyms: dark, dark-coloured, dull, dull-coloured, drab, dingy, shady, restrained, subdued
Antonyms: bright

Hazardous (adjective) خطرناک، پرخطر

risky; dangerous.
Example: “we work in hazardous conditions”
Synonyms: dangerous, risky, unsafe, perilous, precarious, insecure, tricky, unpredictable, uncertain
Antonyms: safe, secure, certain

Prevalent (adjective) زور آور، طاقت ور، غالب

widespread in a particular area or at a particular time.
Example: “the social ills prevalent in society today”
Synonyms: widespread, prevailing, frequent, usual, common, general, universal, pervasive
Antonyms: uncommon, rare

Eventuality (noun) ممکنہ نتیجہ، احتمال، امکان

a possible event or outcome.
Example: “be prepared for all eventualities”
Synonyms: event, incident, occurrence, happening, development, phenomenon, thing
Antonyms: beginning, cause, commencement, origin

DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 05, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Beleaguer (verb) محاصرہ کرنا، قبضہ کرنا، تنگ کرنا، چھیڑنا

cause problems or difficulties for.
Example: “he attempts to answer several questions that beleaguer the industry”
Synonyms: hard-pressed, troubled, in difficulties, under pressure, under stress, with one’s back to the wall
Antonyms: achromatic, brighten, consume, praise

Dwell (verb) بسنا، رہنا، رہائش ہونا

live in or at a specified place.
Example: “groups of people still dwell in these caves”
Synonyms: reside, live, have one’s home, have one’s residence, be settled, be housed, lodge, stay
Antonyms: move, travel, hasten, speed

Bestial (adjective) حیوانی، ناپاک،وحشت ناک

of or like an animal or animals.
Example: “Darwin’s revelations about our bestial beginnings”
Synonyms: animal, beastlike, animalistic, zoic, theriomorphic, theroid
Antonyms: civilized, humane

Depredation (noun) لوٹ مار، تباہی، بربادی

an act of attacking or plundering.
Example: “protecting grain from the depredations of rats and mice”
Synonyms: plundering, plunder, looting, pillaging, robbing, robbery, raiding, ravaging
Antonyms: boon, construction, goodness, miracle

Barricade (verb) مورچہ، ناکہ لگانا

block or defend with a barricade.
Example: “they barricaded the building and occupied it all night”
Synonyms: blockade, obstruct, close up, bar, block off, shut off/in, fence in, seal up
Antonyms: admittance, entrance, opening

Eviscerate (verb) کسی شے کو خالی کرنا، کاٹ کر الگ کرنا

disembowel (a person or animal).
Example: “the goat had been skinned and neatly eviscerated”
Synonyms: disembowel, gut, remove the innards from, draw, dress, embowel, disbowel, exenterate

Virulent (adjective) زہریلا

(of a disease or poison) extremely severe or harmful in its effects.
Example: “a virulent strain of influenza”
Synonyms: poisonous, toxic, venomous, noxious, deadly, lethal, fatal, mortal, terminal
Antonyms: non-toxic, harmless, safe, non-contagious

Parley (noun) معاملات طے کرنا، سوال جواب کرنا، شرط

a conference between opposing sides in a dispute, especially a discussion of terms for an armistice.
Example: “a parley is in progress and the invaders may withdraw”
Synonyms: negotiation, talk(s), meeting, conference, summit, discussion, dialogue, conclave
Antonyms: quiet, silence

Dichotomy (noun) دو نوعیتی، دو فرعی تقسیم

a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different.
Example: “a rigid dichotomy between science and mysticism”
Synonyms: division, separation, divorce, split, gulf, chasm, difference, contrast, disjunction
Antonyms: agreement, harmony, likeness, sameness

Treacherous (adjective) ناقابل اعتبار، دغا، بے وفائی

guilty of or involving betrayal or deception.
Example: “a treacherous Gestapo agent”
Synonyms: traitorous, disloyal, perfidious, faithless, unfaithful, duplicitous, false-hearted, deceitful
Antonyms: loyal, faithful

DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 03, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Debacle (noun) شرمناک ناکامی، ذلت آمیز ناکامی، اچانک حادثہ

a sudden and ignominious failure; a fiasco.
Example: “the only man to reach double figures in the second-innings debacle”
Synonyms: fiasco, failure, catastrophe, disaster, disintegration, mess, wreck, ruin, downfall
Antonyms: accomplishment, attainment, blessing

Stash (verb) تجوری، گنجینہ،قیمتوں چیزوں کا ذخیرہ

store (something) safely in a hidden or secret place.
Example: “their wealth had been stashed away in Swiss banks”
Synonyms: store, stow, pack, load, cache, garner, hide, conceal, secrete, hoard, put aside
Antonyms: software, nonvolatile, storage

Shoddy (Adjective) بھدا، نقلی، مصنوعی، بناوٹی

badly made or done.
Example: “we’re not paying good money for shoddy goods”
Synonyms: poor-quality, inferior, second-rate, third-rate, low-grade, cheap, cheapjack, tawdry
Antonyms: well made, careful

Aggrieved (Adjective) غمزدہ، رنجیدہ،ستم رسیدہ شخص

feeling resentment at having been unfairly treated.
Example: “they were aggrieved at the outcome”
Synonyms: resentful, affronted, indignant, disgruntled, discontented, angry, distressed, unhappy
Antonyms: pleased

Malaise (noun) گھبراہٹ، بے قراری، بے چینی

a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease whose exact cause is difficult to identify.
Example: “a general air of malaise”
Synonyms: unhappiness, restlessness, uneasiness, unease, melancholy, depression, despondency
Antonyms: comfort, well-being

Sanctity (noun) تقدس، حرمت ، پاکی

the state or quality of being holy, sacred, or saintly.
Example: “the site of the tomb was a place of sanctity for the ancient Egyptians”
Synonyms: holiness, godliness, sacredness, blessedness, saintliness, sanctitude, spirituality
Antonyms: wickedness

Inadequacy (noun) کوتاہی، عدم، کمی

the state or quality of being inadequate; lack of the quantity or quality required.
Example: “the inadequacy of available resources”
Synonyms: insufficiency, deficiency, scantness, scarcity, scarceness, sparseness, dearth
Antonyms: abundance, surplus, competence, strong point

Mortality (noun) فانی ہونے کی حالت، موت، شرح اموات

the state of being subject to death.
Example: “the work is increasingly haunted by thoughts of mortality”
Synonyms: impermanence, temporality, transience, ephemerality, impermanency, perishability
Antonyms: immortality

Tenacious (Adjective) اچھی یاداشت والا، استوار

tending to keep a firm hold of something; clinging or adhering closely.
Example: “a tenacious grip”
Synonyms: firm, tight, fast, clinging, strong, forceful, powerful, unshakeable, immovable
Antonyms: loose, weak

Exacerbate (verb) خفا کرنا، مرض میں شدت پیدا کرنا

make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Example: “the exorbitant cost of land in urban areas only exacerbated the problem”
Synonyms: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inflame, compound, intensify, increase, heighten
Antonyms: calm, reduce

DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 02, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Shoddy (adjective) گمراہ کن، نقلی، مصنوعی، بناوٹی

badly made or done.
Example: “we’re not paying good money for shoddy goods”
Synonyms: poor-quality, inferior, second-rate, third-rate, low-grade, cheap, cheapjack, tawdry, trashy
Antonyms: well made, careful

Mausoleum (noun) مقبرہ، قبر کا گنبد

a stately or impressive building housing a tomb or group of tombs.
Example: “the cathedral was built in 1517 as a royal mausoleum”
Synonyms: tomb, sepulchre, crypt, vault, charnel house, burial chamber, catacomb, undercroft
Antonyms: attic

Carving (noun) سنگ تراشی، نقش و نگار،مجسمہ سازی

an object or design carved from a hard material as an artistic work.
Example: “a carving of an Asian elephant”
Synonyms: sculpture, model, statue, statuette, figure, figurine, effigy, bust, head
Antonyms: erase

Appalling (adjective) خوفزدہ ہونا، دھچکا لگانا

causing shock or dismay; horrific.
Example: “the cat suffered appalling injuries during the attack”
Synonyms: shocking, horrific, horrifying, horrible, terrible, awful, dreadful, ghastly, hideous
Antonyms: admirable, excellent

Evidently (adverb) سیدھی طرح، واضح طور پر، صاف صاف

in a way that is clearly seen or understood; obviously.
Example: “a work so evidently laden with significance”
Synonyms: obviously, clearly, plainly, perceptibly, visibly, discernibly, transparently, manifestly
Antonyms: cheer, adorned, pretentious, fancy

Crumble (verb) چورا چورا ہو جانا،توڑنا

break or fall apart into small fragments, especially as part of a process of deterioration.
Example: “the plaster started to crumble”
Synonyms: disintegrate, fall down, fall to pieces, fall apart, collapse, break down/up, tumble down
Antonyms: consolidate, conglutinate, bond, amalgamate

Pertain (verb) متعلق ہونا، سے متعلق

be appropriate, related, or applicable to.
Example: “matters pertaining to the organization of government”
Synonyms: concern, relate to, be related to, be connected with, be relevant to, have relevance to, apply to
Antonyms: belong to, relate to, appertain to, regard

Dubious (adjective) مشکوک، مشتبہ

hesitating or doubting.
Example: “I was rather dubious about the whole idea”
Synonyms: doubtful, uncertain, unsure, in doubt, hesitant, undecided, unsettled, unconfirmed
Antonyms: certain, definite

Inoculate (verb) ٹیکہ لگانا، انسانی جسم میں وائرس ڈالنا

treat with a vaccine to produce immunity against a disease; vaccinate.
Example: “he inoculated his tenants against smallpox”
Synonyms: immunize, vaccinate, inject, protect from, shield from, safeguard from
Antonyms: disabuse, unteach, prune, divest

Ambitious (adjective) بلند حوصلہ، حوصلہ مندانہ، امنگ

having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed.
Example: “a ruthlessly ambitious workaholic”
Synonyms: aspiring, determined, forceful, pushy, enterprising, pioneering, progressive, eager
Antonyms: unambitious, lazy

DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 01, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Sustain (verb) جاری رکھنا، بڑھانا،سہارادینا

strengthen or support physically or mentally.
Example: “this thought had sustained him throughout the years”
Synonyms: comfort, help, assist, encourage, succor, support, give strength to
Antonyms: torment, plague

Autonomy (noun) خود مختاری، اختیار

freedom from external control or influence; independence.
Example: “the courts enjoy a considerable degree of autonomy”
Synonyms: self-government, independence, self-rule, home rule, sovereignty, self-determination
Antonyms: dependency, nonautonomy

Dubious (adjective) مشکوک، مشتبہ

hesitating or doubting.
Example: “I was rather dubious about the whole idea”
Synonyms: doubtful, uncertain, unsure, in doubt, hesitant, undecided, unsettled, unconfirmed
Antonyms: certain, definite

Jingoism (noun) جارحانہ وطن پرستی،شدید قوم پرست

extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy.
Example: “the popular jingoism that swept the lower–middle classes”
Synonyms: extreme patriotism, blind patriotism, chauvinism, extreme nationalism, flag-waving, xenophobia
Antonyms: disloyalty, internationalism, multiculturalism

Atrocious (adjective) ظالمانہ، سفاکانہ

horrifyingly wicked.
Example: “atrocious cruelties”
Synonyms: brutal, barbaric, barbarous, brutish, savage, vicious, wicked, cruel, nasty, ruthless
Antonyms: admirable, kindly

Indulge (verb) مطمئن کرنا، مزے اڑانا،بخشنا

allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of.
Example: “we indulged in a cream tea”
Synonyms: wallow in, give oneself up to, give way to, yield to, abandon oneself to, give rein to
Antonyms: stifle

Brute (noun) حیوانی، بے رحم

a savagely violent person or animal.
Example: “he was a cold-blooded brute”
Synonyms: savage, beast, monster, animal, sadist, barbarian, devil, demon, fiend, ogre
Antonyms: atrocious, barbaric, barbarous

Abet (verb) غلط کام کے لئے مدد کرنا، اکسانا

encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, in particular to commit a crime.
Example: “he was not guilty of murder but was guilty of aiding and abetting others”
Synonyms: assist, aid, help, lend a hand, support, back, encourage, cooperate with
Antonyms: hinder

Lamentable (adjective) بدقسمتی، افسوسناک

(of circumstances or conditions) very bad; deplorable.
Example: “the industry is in a lamentable state”
Synonyms: deplorable, regrettable, tragic, terrible, awful, wretched, woeful, sorrowful
Antonyms: august, beneficent, commanding, dignified

Delinquent (adjective) غیر ذمہ دار، طفل خطا کار

(typically of a young person) tending to commit crime, particularly minor crime.
Example: “delinquent teenagers”
Synonyms: lawless, lawbreaking, criminal, offending, errant, badly behaved, troublesome
Antonyms: well behaved, conformist

Daily Top-10 Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning / News (January 31, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Ignominious (adjective) شرمناک ، ذلت آمیز، باعث رسوائی
deserving or causing public disgrace or shame.
Example: “no other party risked ignominious defeat”
Synonyms: humiliating, undignified, embarrassing, mortifying, shameful, disgraceful, dishonorable
Antonyms: glorious

Disembark (verb) ساحل پر اترنا
leave a ship, aircraft, or train.
Example: “the passengers began to disembark”
Synonyms: get off, step off, leave, go ashore, debark, detrain, land, arrive, alight from
Antonyms: embark

Nepotism (noun) اقرباپروری، اپنوں کو نوازنے کا عمل
the practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs.
Example: “he promised an end to corruption and nepotism”
Synonyms: favoritism, preferential treatment, keeping it in the family, the old boy network
Antonyms: impartiality

Mediocrity (noun) اوسط درجے کی صلاحیت
the quality or state of being mediocre.
Example: “the team suddenly came well after years of mediocrity”
Synonyms: ordinariness, commonplaceness, lack of inspiration, passableness, adequacy, indifference
Antonyms: excellence

Fraudulent (adjective) فریبی، مکار
obtained, done by, or involving deception, especially criminal deception.
Example: “fraudulent share dealing”
Synonyms: dishonest, cheating, swindling, corrupt, criminal, illegal, unlawful, illicit
Antonyms: honest, above-board

Catastrophe (noun) تباہی، بربادی، سانحہ آفت
an event causing great and usually sudden damage or suffering; a disaster.
Example: “an environmental catastrophe”
Synonyms: disaster, calamity, cataclysm, crisis, holocaust, ruin, ruination, tragedy
Antonyms: salvation, a godsend

Negligible (adjective) حقیر، معمولی سا
so small or unimportant on be not worth considering; insignificant.
Example: “he said that the risks were negligible”
Synonyms: trivial, trifling, insignificant, unimportant, minor, of no account, of no consequence
Antonyms: significant, considerable

Hefty (adjective) طاقتور، ہٹا کٹا، بھاری شخص
large and heavy.
Example: “a hefty young chap”
Synonyms: burly, heavy, sturdy, strapping, bulky, brawny, husky, strong, muscular
Antonyms: slight, gaunt, light

Dissipate (verb) بکھر جانا، منتشر ہو جانا،برباد کرنا
(with regard to a sense of emotion) disappear or cause to disappear.
Example: “the concern she’d felt for him had wholly dissipated”
Synonyms: disappear, vanish, evaporate, dissolve, melt away, melt into thin air
Antonyms: grow, develop

Peripheral (adjective) محیط، بیرونی
relating to or situated on the sting or periphery of something.
Example: “the peripheral areas of Europe”
Synonyms: outlying, outer, on the edge/outskirts, outermost, fringe, border, surrounding
Antonyms: central, vital

Daily Top-10 Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning / News (January 30, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Nascent (adjective) ابھرا ہوا، پیدا ہونے والا، شروعات
(especially of a process or organization) just coming into existence and beginning to display signs of future potential.
Example: “the nascent space industry”
Synonyms: just beginning, budding, developing, growing, embryonic, incipient, young, in its infancy
Antonyms: mature, aged, confirmed, developed, grown

Assuage (verb) تسلی دینا، کم کرنا، شدت کم کرنا
make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense.
Example: “the letter assuaged the fears of most members”
Synonyms: relieve, ease, alleviate, soothe, mitigate, dampen, allay, calm, palliate
Antonyms: aggravate

Speculation (noun) تکہ، قیاس آرائی، نمایاں منافع کی توقع میں
the forming of a theory or conjecture without firm evidence.
Example: “there has been widespread speculation that he plans to quit”
Synonyms: conjecture, theorizing, hypothesizing, supposition, guesswork, talk, theory, hypothesis
Antonyms: realization, proof, fact, verification, certainty

Imperil (verb) خطرے میں ڈالنا، خطرے سے دوچار کرنا
put at risk of being harmed, injured, or destroyed.
Example: “they advised against tax increases for fear of imperilling the recovery”
Synonyms: endanger, jeopardize, risk, put in danger, put in peril, expose to danger, put in jeopardy
Antonyms: safety, change, be well, agree, suffer

Vigilant (adjective) خبردار، چونکنا، محتاط
keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties.
Example: “the burglar was spotted by vigilant neighbours”
Synonyms: watchful, on the lookout, observant, sharp-eyed, keen-eyed, gimlet-eyed, eagle-eyed
Antonyms: negligent, inattentive

Prosperous (adjective) خوشحال، مالی طور پر مضبوط، کامیاب
successful in material terms; flourishing financially.
Example: “prosperous middle-class professionals”
Synonyms: thriving, doing well, prospering, buoyant, expanding, flourishing, successful, strong, vigorous
Antonyms: depressed, poor

Persecute (verb) اذیت دینا، ستانا، تکلیف دہی
subject (someone) to hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of their race or political or religious beliefs.
Example: “his followers were persecuted by the authorities”
Synonyms: oppress, abuse, victimize, ill-treat, mistreat, maltreat, discriminate against
Antonyms: aid, assist, delight, help

Tarnish (verb) میلا کچیلا کرنا، داغدار کرنا
lose or cause to lose lustre, especially as a result of exposure to air or moisture.
Example: “silver tarnishes too easily”
Synonyms: become discoloured, discolour, stain, rust, oxidize, corrode, deteriorate, become dull
Antonyms: brighten, polish

Admonish (verb) تنبیہہ کرنا، ڈانٹنا، سمجھانا، ہدایت کرنا
warn or reprimand someone firmly.
Example: “she admonished me for appearing at breakfast unshaven”
Synonyms: reprimand, rebuke, scold, reprove, upbraid, chastise, chide, censure, castigate
Antonyms: praise, discourage

Calamitous (adjective) تباہ کن، آفت زدہ،مصیبت
involving calamity; catastrophic or disastrous.
Example: “such calamitous events as fires, hurricanes, and floods”
Synonyms: disastrous, catastrophic, cataclysmic, devastating, dire, tragic, fatal, ruinous
Antonyms: good, advantageous

Daily Top-10 Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning / News (January 29, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Precisely (adverb) بالکل ٹھیک، باقاعدگی سے
in exact terms; without vagueness.
Example: “the guidelines are precisely defined”
Synonyms: exactly, sharp, on the dot, promptly, prompt, dead (on), on the stroke of …
Antonyms: imprecisely, inexactly

Trample (verb) پیروں تلے کچلنا، روندنا، پامال کرنا
tread on and crush.
Example: “the fence had been trampled down”
Synonyms: tread, tramp, stamp, walk over, squash, crush, flatten, compress, press (down)
Antonyms: ride, broken, unfit, unwholesome

Inevitable (adjective) حتمی، اٹل، ناگزیر
certain to happen; unavoidable.
Example: “war was inevitable”
Synonyms: unavoidable, inescapable, bound to happen, sure to happen, inexorable, unpreventable
Antonyms: avoidable, uncertain

Decisive (adjective) فیصلہ کن، حتمی، دوٹوک
settling an issue; producing a definite result.
Example: “the archers played a decisive part in the victory”
Synonyms: deciding, conclusive, determining, final, settling, key, pivotal, critical
Antonyms: insignificant

Agitation (noun) ذہنی بے چینی، خیالات کا الجھاﺅ
a state of anxiety or nervous excitement.
Example: “she was wringing her hands in agitation”
Synonyms: anxiety, perturbation, disquiet, distress, concern, trouble, alarm, worry, upset
Antonyms: calmness, relaxation

Lukewarm (adjective) نیم گرم، گنگنا
(of liquid or food that should be hot) only moderately warm; tepid.
Example: “they drank bitter lukewarm coffee”
Synonyms: tepid, slightly warm, warmish, blood-hot, blood-warm, at room temperature
Antonyms: hot, cold

Abandon (verb) چھوڑ دینا، دعویٰ چھوڑ دینا، متروک
cease to support or look after (someone); desert.
Example: “her natural mother had abandoned her at an early age”
Synonyms: desert, leave, leave high and dry, turn one’s back on, discard, break (up) with, jilt
Antonyms: stick by

Mollify (verb) منانا، نرم کرنا
appease the anger or anxiety of (someone).
Example: “nature reserves were set up around the power stations to mollify local conservationists”
Synonyms: appease, placate, pacify, conciliate, humour, soothe, calm, calm down, still, propitiate
Antonyms: enrage

Sceptical (adjective) شک کرنے والا، وہمی
not easily convinced; having doubts or reservations.
Example: “the public were deeply sceptical about a number of the proposals”
Synonyms: dubious, doubtful, having reservations, doubting, questioning, cynical, distrustful
Antonyms: certain, convinced, optimistic

Futile (adjective) بے نتیجہ، بے اثر، ناکارہ، بیکار
incapable of producing any useful result; pointless.
Example: “a futile attempt to keep fans from mounting the stage”
Synonyms: fruitless, vain, pointless, useless, worthless, ineffectual, ineffective, inefficacious
Antonyms: useful, fruitful

Daily Top-10 Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning / News (January 28, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Consequent (adjective) حاصل شدہ، نتیجے میں
following as a result or effect.
Example: “the social problems of pupils and their consequent educational difficulties”
Synonyms: resulting, resultant, ensuing, consequential, following, subsequent, successive
Antonyms: causal, unrelated

Invective (noun) دشنام آمیز، گالی گلوچ
insulting, abusive, or highly critical language.
Example: “he let out a stream of invective”
Synonyms: abuse, insults, vituperation, expletives, swear words, swearing, curses, bad language
Antonyms: praise

Periodic (adjective) وقفے وقفے سے، دوری
appearing or occurring at intervals.
Example: “the periodic visits she made to her father”
Synonyms: regular, periodical, at fixed intervals, recurrent, recurring, repeated, cyclical
Antonyms: nonoscillatory, continual, noncyclic, nonperiodic

Atrocity (noun) ظالمانہ طرز عمل، سفاکی، بے رحمی
an extremely wicked or cruel act, typically one involving physical violence or injury.
Example: “a textbook which detailed war atrocities”
Synonyms: the act of barbarity, the act of brutality, the act of savagery, the act of wickedness, cruelty, abomination
Antonyms: mercifulness, decency, quality, humane

Ambush (noun) گھات لگانے کا عمل، تاک لگانا
a surprise attack by people lying in wait in a concealed position.
Example: “seven members of a patrol were killed in an ambush”
Synonyms: surprise attack, trap, snare, pitfall, lure, ambuscade
Antonyms: refrain, activity, idle, show

Suspicion (noun) اندیشہ، بدگمانی
a feeling or thought that something is feasible, likely, or true.
Example: “she had a sneaking suspicion that he was laughing at her”
Synonyms: intuition, feeling, impression, inkling, surmise, guess, conjecture, speculation
Antonyms: certainty

Denounce (verb) کھلم کھلا الزام دینا، اعلانیہ خلاف ہونا
publicly declare to be wrong or evil.
Example: “the Assembly denounced the use of violence”
Synonyms: condemn, criticize, attack, censure, castigate, decry, revile, vilify, besmirch, discredit
Antonyms: praise

Combatant (noun) جنگجو، لڑاکو
a person or nation engaged in fighting during a war.
Example: “in the long Russo-Swedish conflict, both combatants endured terrible sacrifices”
Synonyms: fighter, fighting man, fighting woman, soldier, serviceman, servicewoman, warrior, trooper
Antonyms: civilian

Endurance (noun) صبر، تحمل، استقامت
the ability to endure an unpleasant or difficult process or situation without giving way.
Example: “she was on the brink of the limit of her endurance”
Synonyms: toleration, bearing, tolerance, sufferance, fortitude, forbearance, patience
Antonyms: fleetingness, shortening, close, stop, indolence

Daunt (verb) ہمت ہارنا، حوصلہ کمزور کرنا، بے دل کرنا
make (someone) feel intimidated or apprehensive.
Example: “some people are daunted by technology”
Synonyms: intimidate, abash, take aback, shake, ruffle, throw, demoralize, discourage
Antonyms: encourage, hearten

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