DAWN News English vocabulary Urdu Meaning / News (February 03, 2021) for CSS, PMS

Debacle (noun) شرمناک ناکامی، ذلت آمیز ناکامی، اچانک حادثہ

a sudden and ignominious failure; a fiasco.
Example: “the only man to reach double figures in the second-innings debacle”
Synonyms: fiasco, failure, catastrophe, disaster, disintegration, mess, wreck, ruin, downfall
Antonyms: accomplishment, attainment, blessing


Stash (verb) تجوری، گنجینہ،قیمتوں چیزوں کا ذخیرہ

store (something) safely in a hidden or secret place.
Example: “their wealth had been stashed away in Swiss banks”
Synonyms: store, stow, pack, load, cache, garner, hide, conceal, secrete, hoard, put aside
Antonyms: software, nonvolatile, storage


Shoddy (Adjective) بھدا، نقلی، مصنوعی، بناوٹی

badly made or done.
Example: “we’re not paying good money for shoddy goods”
Synonyms: poor-quality, inferior, second-rate, third-rate, low-grade, cheap, cheapjack, tawdry
Antonyms: well made, careful


Aggrieved (Adjective) غمزدہ، رنجیدہ،ستم رسیدہ شخص

feeling resentment at having been unfairly treated.
Example: “they were aggrieved at the outcome”
Synonyms: resentful, affronted, indignant, disgruntled, discontented, angry, distressed, unhappy
Antonyms: pleased


Malaise (noun) گھبراہٹ، بے قراری، بے چینی

a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease whose exact cause is difficult to identify.
Example: “a general air of malaise”
Synonyms: unhappiness, restlessness, uneasiness, unease, melancholy, depression, despondency
Antonyms: comfort, well-being


Sanctity (noun) تقدس، حرمت ، پاکی

the state or quality of being holy, sacred, or saintly.
Example: “the site of the tomb was a place of sanctity for the ancient Egyptians”
Synonyms: holiness, godliness, sacredness, blessedness, saintliness, sanctitude, spirituality
Antonyms: wickedness


Inadequacy (noun) کوتاہی، عدم، کمی

the state or quality of being inadequate; lack of the quantity or quality required.
Example: “the inadequacy of available resources”
Synonyms: insufficiency, deficiency, scantness, scarcity, scarceness, sparseness, dearth
Antonyms: abundance, surplus, competence, strong point


Mortality (noun) فانی ہونے کی حالت، موت، شرح اموات

the state of being subject to death.
Example: “the work is increasingly haunted by thoughts of mortality”
Synonyms: impermanence, temporality, transience, ephemerality, impermanency, perishability
Antonyms: immortality


Tenacious (Adjective) اچھی یاداشت والا، استوار

tending to keep a firm hold of something; clinging or adhering closely.
Example: “a tenacious grip”
Synonyms: firm, tight, fast, clinging, strong, forceful, powerful, unshakeable, immovable
Antonyms: loose, weak


Exacerbate (verb) خفا کرنا، مرض میں شدت پیدا کرنا

make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Example: “the exorbitant cost of land in urban areas only exacerbated the problem”
Synonyms: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inflame, compound, intensify, increase, heighten
Antonyms: calm, reduce

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